Kadian is an extended-release morphine capsule and is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The drug Kadian is an opioid pain medication, meaning it is formulated from opiates, which are derived from the poppy plant. Kadian is typically prescribed to treat chronic pain. Because of the high potential for kadian addiction and abuse, measures should be taken to prevent Kadian abuse.
Like other opioid narcotics, Kadian is classified as a Schedule II drug by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Schedule II drugs are those that serve a medical purpose, but have high potential for abuse and addiction. Kadian is in the medication class of drugs labeled as an opioid analgesic.
Common street names for Kadian
Because Kadian is a form of morphine, it is commonly referred to by street names of morphine. These include:
- Vitamin M
- Lady M
- Number 13
- Red Cross
- White hop
- Big M
- Uncle Morphy
- Miss Emma
- Cube juice
- Mister Blue
- God’s drug
- Gold dust
- Monkey dust
- Needle candy
History and Trends in Kadian Addiction and Abuse
While opium-based elixirs have been used to treat pain for millennia, it wasn’t until the early 1800s that morphine was discovered as the active ingredient in opium. Opium was widely used to treat pain but, because each batch of opium was unique in terms of potency, it was often difficult to predict its effects. A young apothecary’s apprentice in Germany, Friedrich Serturner realized that this problem would remain until dosages could become standardized, reliable and predictable. Friedrich was eventually able to isolate the active ingredient in opium, morphine, and administer it safely to humans.
By the mid-1820s, pharmaceutical companies were producing morphine in standardized dosages. Because of its potency and potential for addiction, morphine became a controlled substance in the US in 1914 and possession without a prescription became illegal. In July of 1996, the FDA approved the extended-release morphine sulfate drug, Kadian, for medical use. The company has since expanded the number of strengths the drug is approved for.
Kadian Side Effects
For those suffering from chronic pain, extended-release Kadian is administered. As with other forms of morphine, common side effects include:
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
More serious side effects can include:
- Severe stomach or abdominal pain
- Trouble urinating
- Mood changes such as agitation and/or confusion
- Respiratory arrest
Kadian should not be taken alcohol as it can worsen some of these symptoms and pose a greater risk for the patient.
Signs of Kadian Addiction and Abuse
Similar to its other schedule II drug counterparts, Kadian carries a very high risk of abuse and addiction can develop even after the user has taken it just a few times. Those who are seeking out Kadian from illegal sources and taking the drug at higher doses are at an increased risk of adverse side effects. Kadian abuse can lead to severe respiratory depression, including slow and even stopped breathing, which can cause coma and death.
When taking Kadian as prescribed, Kadian is typically administered orally. However, those who are abusing Kadian and suffering from Kadian addiction, the drug is often smoked, injected, or sniffed to achieve heightened effects.
Signs of Kadian Abuse and Addiction include:
- Decreased appetite
- Reduced motivation
- Irritability and mood swings
Kadian addiction and abuse can lead to non-physical problems in the user’s personal relationships and in their jobs. Addiction can develop extremely quickly following Kadian abuse and even with doctor recommended use. As such, measures must be taken to avoid Kadian abuse and the negative side effects of addiction.
Withdrawal symptoms of Kadian
Kadian is a relatively high-dose opiate and suddenly stopping use of the drug can lead to withdrawal symptoms. Especially if the drug has been administered for a long period of time, or if Kadian abuse is present, withdrawal reactions will present themselves when users stop taking the drug.
These symptoms may include:
- Body and muscle aches
- Watering eyes
- Runny nose
Treatment for Kadian Addiction and Abuse
When Kadian abuse and addiction has developed in a user, it is common that a drug treatment center be recommended to assist the individual in detox and treating underlying psychological and social factors. The detox process can be medically assisted and supervised, leading to a decreased chance of relapse.
If you or someone you know is struggling with an kadian addiction, get help now. Contact White Sands Tampa about our kadian addiction treatment programs today at 1-877-640-7820.