MSIR, short for morphine sulfate immediate release, is a generic form of morphine. Morphine is a potent opiate narcotic analgesic prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. For patients suffering from severe and chronic, long-term pain, multiple painkillers can be prescribed. Unlike its extended-release counterparts, MSIR is fast acting and its effects do not last over an extended period of time. Because of its immediate, short-term effects, MSIR is typically used as a “rescue” medication taken along with longer-acting painkillers when severe pain continues to affect the individual. Morphine, like other opiates, is a highly addictive narcotic and as such, MSIR addiction and abuse can develop quickly in the user. MSIR drug abuse, signs of addiction, and treatment options are described below.
MSIR or morphine is classified as a Schedule II drug by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Schedule II drugs have the following characteristics, as laid out by the FDA:
- Have a currently accepted medical use in treatment
- Have a high potential for abuse
- Abuse of the drug can lead to severe physical and/or psychological dependence.
Common street names for MSIR
The common street names for MSIR or morphine include:
- Big M
- Lady M
- Vitamin M
- God’s drug
- Mister Blue
- Monkey dust
- Gold dust
- Uncle Morphy
- Miss Emma
- Cube juice
- Red Cross
- White hop
- Number 13
History and Trends in MSIR Addiction and Abuse
Before morphine and other modern painkillers were formulated, people relied on the analgesic effects of opium for the treatment of pain. Although it was widely used, opium was often unreliable and difficult to predict as each batch was unique. A young apothecary’s assistant in early 1800s Germany realized this problem would persist until doses could be standardized. It was then that Friedrich Serturner experimented with the drug and was ultimately able to isolate the active ingredient in opium and administer it safely to humans. This new miracle drug was called morphine. This new, reliable analgesic was quickly adopted by the medical world and by the mid-1820s, morphine was being produced by pharmaceutical companies throughout the world.
Like its forefather, opium, dependency of morphine can develop quickly in the user, even when taken as prescribed. To prevent MSIR addiction and its undesired side effects, use should be monitored closely by the individual and their physician. MSIR is typically taken every three or four hours and sometime is used to accompany longer acting pain medications in the treatment of severe, chronic pain. Users develop MSIR addiction as they enjoy the euphoric, relaxing feelings the drug provides.
MSIR Side Effects
The most common side effects of MSIR include:
- Stomach or abdominal pain
- Mild itching
More serious side effects of MSIR can include:
- Slowed heart rate
- Low blood pressure
- Weak or shallow breathing
- Pounding or fast heartbeat
- Chest pain
- Extreme drowsiness
As with other opiate analgesics, it is extremely important to avoid alcohol or other drugs that may slow down the central nervous system, such as sedatives and muscle relaxers. Because morphine also affects the brain and central nervous system, worsened side effects can be experienced. These include confusion, difficulty breathing, trouble walking, vision problems, trouble swallowing, and/or hallucinations, or trouble swallowing. If any of these symptoms develop when using MSIR or morphine, the individual should seek medical help immediately.
Overuse and abuse of MSIR can cause addiction, overdose and even death, as described in further detail below. Life-threatening addiction and withdrawal symptoms can also develop in newborns, and should not be used by pregnant women.
Signs of MSIR Addiction and Abuse
MSIR addiction can develop rapidly in the user. Narcotic painkillers such as MSIR can cause the user to become both physically and psychologically dependent on the drug. As tolerance develops, higher doses of the drug are needed to achieve the same effects, especially in the case of MSIR drug abuse. Even after pain symptoms subside, those suffering from MSIR addiction will continue to abuse the medication. Both physical and behavioral MSIR addiction symptoms can develop with abuse of this drug.
Some of the signs of MSIR addiction and abuse include:
- Decreased coordination
- Reduced appetite
- Disrupted menses
- Tolerance of MSIR or morphine
- Withdrawal symptoms when use of MSIR has stopped abruptly
In addition to these physical symptoms of MSIR drug use, the users may be experiencing trouble at work and in their finances as well as problems in personal relationships. They may also be spending more time getting refills and “doctor shopping” for additional prescriptions. Those suffering from MSIR addiction and abuse may also steal, even from close friends and family, to buy more of the drug.
Withdrawal symptoms of MSIR
When use of MSIR is stopped suddenly, withdrawal symptoms will begin. These symptoms will usually begin to appear within the first 12 hours of stopping the drug.
MSIR Addiction and Abuse withdrawal symptoms include:
- Intense cravings for the drug
- Sweating and hot flashes
- Anxiety and irritability
- Stomach or abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Runny nose
- Watery eyes
As the individual’s withdrawal symptoms worsen, cravings for the drug intensify, often luring them back to using. Since the detoxification process decreased an individual’s tolerance, taking the drug in high doses could lead to overdose. Completing detoxification in a medical facility is often recommended for those suffering from severe MSIR addiction.
Treatment for MSIR Addiction and Abuse
As discussed above, withdrawal symptoms of MSIR addiction drug abuse may be too severe to cope with at home. Cravings for the drug often prove too overwhelming. For this reason, medically supervised detoxification in an inpatient rehab facility is usually the best MSIR addiction treatment path for a successful recovery. Those suffering from MSIR addiction will also receive therapy and counselling to address any underlying psychological factors that initially led them to addiction.
Treatments for MSIR addiction can include those for the symptoms associated with withdrawals and also to address the underlying psychological and social factors that led to addiction. Also addressed in treatment is finding a pain controlling regimen that helps a person suffering from MSIR addiction and also treat pain. Depending on the level of addiction inpatient treatment may be required to help a person who is suffering from addiction.
If you or someone you know is struggling with an MSIR addiction, get help now. Contact White Sands Tampa about our MSIR addiction treatment programs today at 1-877-640-7820.