Oxycontin is a brand name for the drug oxycodone, a semi-synthetic narcotic painkiller. Thus, regarding the question of Oxycontin vs Oxycodone, the former is the name of the product used in the market, while the latter refers to the drug itself. Oxycontin is available as controlled-release tablets as well as fast-acting tablets; other oxycodone products include those combined with aspirin or with acetaminophen. Oxycontin is prescribed for moderate to high-level pain relief, and may be used for acute injuries such as fractures or dislocation, as well as the pain associated with spinal issues and cancer. It’s considered to be one of the most addictive painkillers on the market and users are extremely likely to be subjected to Oxycontin addiction and abuse.
Oxycontin is a commonly abused drug among opioid abusers, in part due to its accessibility and relatively low cost. While the drug is intended to be taken orally in tablet form, Oxycontin abusers may also crush and sniff the tablets or dissolve them and inject them. The drug may also be abused as an inhalant. Oxycontin was reformulated in 2013 to make it more resistant to crushing or breaking.
Common Street Names for Oxycontin
There are many street names for Oxycontin, including:
- Hillbilly Heroin
Other brand names for oxycodone include:
Oxycodone is an opioid pain killer. Because of its high potential for abuse, Oxycodone, the ingredient in Oxycontin, is classified by the DEA as a Schedule II narcotic.
History and Trends in Oxycontin Addiction and Abuse
Due to its availability, relatively low costs and euphoric highs, Oxycontin is also increasingly abused by teens, who may source the drug at home, online or on the streets. Prescription fraud is a major issue, with individuals often seeing multiple practitioners to source their drug or impersonating medical professionals over the phone. Additionally, Oxycontin is considered a gateway drug to harder opioids such as heroin, with nearly half of users reporting abusing prescription painkillers before turning to heroin.
The FDA has recently issued an alert relating to Oxycontin and similar opioids, which have been linked to respiratory failure and even death.
Side effects of Oxycontin
Common Oxycontin side effects include euphoria and relaxation, which are in part what make the drug one that is so widely abused. These effects are similar to those caused by other opioid drugs such as codeine, heroin and morphine.
The drug is intended to cause pain relief, but may also cause sedation, respiratory depression, cough suppression and blood vessel constriction. If users are taking a product containing oxycodone along with acetaminophen, severe liver damage is a risk. Side effects such as this, and the potential for interaction with other drugs and alcohol make it essential to know the difference between Oxycontin vs oxycodone.
In addition to the above Oxycontin side effects, the misuse of the drug can also lead to overdose. Overdose symptoms include extreme fatigue, confusion, chills and clamminess, breathing problems, a slowed heart rate, and fainting that may lead to coma or even death.
Withdrawal symptoms of Oxycontin
As a narcotic, Oxycontin induces withdrawal symptoms similar to other opioids. Symptoms of oxycodone withdrawal include tremors and twitching, drowsiness, agitation, muscular pain, constricted pupils and gastrointestinal issues. Note that many of these symptoms may also overlap with the symptoms of Oxycontin abuse. The physical symptoms may last several days into the withdrawal period.
Treatment for Oxycontin Addiction and Abuse
Self-treatment for Oxycontin addiction can be challenging. This is due to the physical symptoms of oxycodone withdrawal and the lure of habits and individuals an addict associates with the drug. For this reason many addicts relapse after attempting to end their drug use. This period presents a risky time for users, as the body’s reduced tolerance to the drug may result in an overdose or serious OxyContin side effects if the user tries to resume their habit.
A detox program can help patients manage the symptoms of oxycodone withdrawal, remove them from the habits and routines they associate with the drug abuse, and help manage the underlying issues that may have led to Oxycontin abuse in the first place. In-patient programs also ensure that individuals can be monitored at all times, ensuring that they get any medical or psychological assistance they need.
If you or a loved one is dealing with Oxycontin addiction and abuse, get help now. Speak to us at White Sands Tampa about our treatment options and how you can regain control of your life. Call now 1-877-640-7820.