Palladone Addiction and Abuse
Palladone is an extended-release prescription medicine that contains the opioid pain medicine hydromorphone. It is used to treat adults that are in constant pain that is moderate to severe and expected to last for an extended amount of time. Palladone addiction and abuse is not uncommon since it is only used after the patient has been taking other opioid pain medicines and after the body has become opioid tolerant.
It is legally manufactured and distributed in the United States. However, patients who abuse Palladone can obtain it by “doctor-shopping” among other options including theft and from friends.
Possible street names for Palladone according to the DEA are:
Palladone (Hydromorphone HCI) is a Schedule II federally controlled substance due to the hydromorphone that it contains. Hydromorphone has an analgesic potency of two to eight times that of morphine but has a shorter duration of action and greater sedative properties.
Its empirical formula is C17H19NO3•HCl.
History and Trends in Palladone Addiction and Abuse
According to the rxlist.com the safety of Palladone was evaluated in a double- blind clinical trial involving 785 patients in moderate to severe pain. The conditions and duration of exposure varied greatly and serious adverse reactions were found that are similar to those of other opioid analgesics including respiratory depression, apnea, respiratory arrest, and to a lesser degree circulatory depression, hypotension, shock, or cardiac arrest.
Side Effects of Palladone
Certain Palladone side effects may cause the patients’ blood pressure to drop which may make them feel dizzy if they move too quickly. It is possible that physical dependence causing Palladone addiction can be developed.
Common Palladone side effects may include:
- Dry mouth
- Pupillary constriction
- Urinary retention
- Respiratory depression
- Impaired coordination
- Loss of appetite
- Slow or rapid heartbeat
Less common Palladone side effects may include:
- Acid or sour stomach
- Back pain
- Swelling of parts of the body
- Feeling sad or empty
- Loss of interest or pleasure
- Muscle spasms
- Upset stomach
- Trouble concentrating
- Unusual weight gain or loss
Signs of Palladone Addiction and Abuse
Palladone abuse allows the patient to produce feelings of euphoria, relaxation, sedation and reduced anxiety. Palladone addiction may also cause mental clouding, changes in mood, nervousness and restlessness. Palladone alike other types of hydromorphone works centrally in the brain to reduce pain and suppress cough and use is associated with both physiological and psychological dependence.
Methods of Palladone abuse are through ingestion, injection as well as crushing tablets and dissolving them.
Other signs of Palladone abuse may be if the patient has a “drug- seeking” behavior and according to the FDA these tactics may include:
- Emergency calls or visits near the end of office hours
- Refusal to undergo appropriate examination
- Test or referral
- Repeated loss of prescriptions
- Tampering with or forging or counterfeiting prescriptions
Palladone addiction signs may include:
- Taking the drug without a prescription
- Take more of the drug than what is prescribed
- Using the drug in other manners than what is prescribed
- Attempts to obtain the drug illegally
- Use of the drug other than what is intended
- Inability to function without the drug
- Mixing Palladone with other substances such as other drugs or alcohol
- Financial problems due to the drug
- Neglection of family, friends and work
Palladone is a drug that should not be stopped suddenly. If it is stopped suddenly it can cause the patient to get sick with withdrawal symptoms due to the physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms can peak between 14 and 21 hours after the last dose and clear up within 36 to 72 hours.
Withdrawal symptoms may be characterized by some or all of the following:
- Muscle pain
- Body cramps
- Cold sweats
- Joint pain
- Abdominal cramps
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased respiratory rate
- Increased heart rate
Palladone Addiction and Abuse Treatment
Detoxification from Palladone is completed by tapering the doses gradually to prevent signs and symptoms of withdrawal in the physically dependent patient. This allows the patient to slowly adjust to the lower dosage without causing many symptoms of withdrawal.
Many doctors work with patients to discover the best method for reducing the drug and treatment can be completed over as long of time as necessary. Tapering programs can last from weeks to months to help prevent symptoms of withdrawal and over this time the Palladone addiction withdrawal symptoms should be mild at worst.
If you or someone you know is suffering from Palladone addiction and abuse please call White Sands Tampa at 1-877-640-7820.